Rather than providing strict instructions on how to format a citation for specific types of sources, the 8th edition of MLA outlines a universal set of general guidelines that can be applied to any source type.
Within MLA, when the source being documented forms a part of a larger whole, the larger whole can be thought of as a container that holds the source. Sometimes, there may be more than one container (eg. A TV series on Netflix, or an e-book available on Google Books).
To cite an image you found online, italicize the image title or general description in your text, and then cite it using the first element in the works cited entry (usually the author's name).
The phenomenon of ‘syzygy’ (see fig. 1.) in the night sky over Chile.
Fig. 1. Yuri Beletsky; “Three Planets Dance over La Silla”; European Southern Observatory, 3 June 2013, https://www.eso.org/public/images/potw1322a/; photograph.
Ofili, Chris. . 2019, Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Ofili, Chris. . 2019. MOMA, https://www.moma.org/collection/works/400161?classifications=6&include_uncataloged_works=1&locale=en&page=1.
Velázquez, Diego. An Old Woman Cooking Eggs. Circa 1618, Scottish National Gallery. The Vanishing Velázquez: A Nineteenth-Century Bookseller’s Obsession with a Lost Masterpiece, by Laura Cumming, Scribner, 2016, p. 27.
Fanatic, Jane. Photograph of Jane Austen’s House Museum. 2 Sept. 2017. Author’s personal collection.
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